Is fatty liver preventable by exercise? How effective is cardio in improving fatty liver related damage?What type of physical activity is better for weight loss as well as improvement of fatty liver ?
Today’s youth lifestyle has undergone a significant change in recent years. With the advent of technology, social media, and a fast-paced world, the youth of today are under constant pressure to keep up with the latest trends and maintain a certain image. This has led to an increase in unhealthy habits and practices that are putting them at risk of developing various health problems, one of which is liver disease.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a condition in which the liver becomes filled with fat, which can lead to inflammation and liver damage. NAFLD can progress to a more serious condition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which can lead to cirrhosis of the liver.
If a person is overweight (BMI>25) weight loss of at least 5- 10% can significantly improve the metabolic profile . Physical activity can be cardio or strength training, these days it can be a brisk walk or jogging in park to highly sophisticated gym trainers recommending planned physical exercise regimen (HIIT)
Physical activity is an important factor in the prevention and management of NAFLD and NASH. Regular exercise can help to reduce the risk of developing these conditions by promoting weight loss, improving insulin sensitivity, and reducing inflammation in the liver.
The American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association recommends at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity per week, or a combination of moderate- and vigorous-intensity activity. They also recommend muscle-strengthening activities at least two days a week.
Moderate-intensity activity includes activities such as brisk walking, cycling, or swimming. Vigorous-intensity activity includes activities such as running, jumping rope, or playing sports.
Exercises can be divided predominantly into weight loss( fat loss) and endurance improving It’s important to note that weight loss and reducing body fat are a key factor in the prevention and management of NAFLD and NASH. That’s why it’s also important to pay attention to diet, and focus on eating healthy, nutrient-dense foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats, and limiting processed foods and added sugars.
It’s also important to consult a healthcare professional before starting an exercise program, especially if you have any underlying health conditions or take any medications.
The author of this blog, Dr Santhosh Kumar is a gastroenterologist
practising in Bangalore. To contact the doctor click here
MBBS MD DNB is a Gastroenterologist, hepatologist and therapeutic endoscopist practicing in Bangalore.